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Several extramural buildings, cemeteries and roads constitute the suburban area. EN: A nostalgic view of the full moon shrouded in the thick fog that is felt in certain cold mornings of Alentejo winter Sky of Monsaraz.

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View from inside the Dolmen of Olival da Pega, a human silhouette represents the evolution of man from prehistoric times, the heavens contemplation and the importance of astronomy, as the oldest science in the world. Its size is large enough to allow access to a good region of the sky when we look from their trunk, visible in this image are the colored stars from the winter constellation of Orion right , while above the horizon we can enjoy the birth of planet Jupiter.

In the foreground, we can see three of four movable Auxiliary Telescopes available in the Very Large Telescope platform. The four separate optical telescopes are known as Antu, Kueyen, Melipal and Yepun, which are all words for astronomical objects in the Mapuche language, with optical elements that can combine them into an astronomical interferometer VLTI , which is used to resolve small objects.

The interferometer is complemented by four movable Auxiliary Telescopes ATs of 1. The 8. With one such telescope, images of celestial objects as faint as magnitude 30 can be obtained in a one-hour exposure. This corresponds to seeing objects that are four billion four thousand million times fainter than what can be seen with the unaided eye.

With this kind of precision the VLTI can reconstruct images with an angular resolution of milliarcseconds, equivalent to distinguishing the two headlights of a car at the distance of the Moon. In the background we can see the heart of our Galaxy full of gas and dust, star clusters and emission nebulae, as well as the orange star Antares from Scorpius constellation and the dark dust that conects this region to the main arm of Milky Way.

Below, in the foreground of this same region, a faint white light called the Zodiacal Light is very well visible, coming up as a backlight behind the antenna of ALMA DV with12 meters in diameter, is capturing the wavelengths from vast cold clouds in the interstellar space. This are the first tests to experiment the largest configuration that ALMA can support, with antennas spreaded over distances up to 16 km. The array thus simulates a giant, single telescope much larger than any that could actually be built. Since a high and dry site is crucial to millimeter wavelength operations, the array has been constructed on the Chajnantor plateau at 5, meters altitude, near Llano de Chajnantor Observatory and Atacama Pathfinder Experiment.

Consisting of 66 meter 39 ft , and 7-meter 23 ft diameter radio telescopes observing at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths, ALMA is expected to provide insight on star birth during the early universe and detailed imaging of local star and planet formation. ALMA is a single telescope of revolutionary design, composed initially of 66 high-precision antennas, and operating at wavelengths of 0.

Its main metre array has fifty antennas, 12 metres in diameter, acting together as a single telescope — an interferometer. An additional compact array of four metre and twelve 7-metre antennas complements this. It will be able to probe the Universe at millimetre and submillimetre wavelengths with unprecedented sensitivity and resolution, with a vision up to ten times sharper than the Hubble Space Telescope, and complementing images made with the VLT Interferometer.

Light at these wavelengths comes from vast cold clouds in interstellar space, at temperatures only a few tens of degrees above absolute zero, and from some of the earliest and most distant galaxies in the Universe. Astronomers can use it to study the chemical and physical conditions in molecular clouds — the dense regions of gas and dust where new stars are being born. Often these regions of the Universe are dark and obscured in visible light, but they shine brightly in the millimetre and submillimetre part of the spectrum.

ALMA is the most powerful telescope for observing the cool Universe — molecular gas and dust.

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ALMA will study the building blocks of stars, planetary systems, galaxies and life itself. By providing scientists with detailed images of stars and planets being born in gas clouds near our Solar System, and detecting distant galaxies forming at the edge of the observable Universe, which we see as they were roughly ten billion years ago, it lets astronomers address some of the deepest questions of our cosmic origins. The total lunar eclipse of 28th september was very unusual because coincided to the moon perigee supermoon.

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A close-up view of the same moment, showing its dark red color. Because of its closeness to Earth, a supermoon passes deeper into the shadow of our planet. Vixen Polarie — Tracking mount. As seen as Astronomy Picture of the Day APOD , the total lunar eclipse of 28th september was very unusual because coincided to the moon perigee supermoon. At left, Capturing the sequence of the totality in the Canary island of La Palma, this little planet shows also the approximate size of our Earth when compared to the Moon, that can be seen at the right side of the image, in a close-up view of the same moment, showing its dark red color.

After a long time of burning my mind with some new ideias, I figured out how I could do it, developing what I think is, a totally new astrophotographic technique never applied before, and where I can show in real time the sky rotating around another star, simulating the shifting of Earth Axis even being inside our Earth. A consequence of the precession is a changing pole star. But with the crescent light pollution is Increasingly difficult to distinguish the few bright stars in the middle of cities, so near the year 14 , the brilliant Vega in the constellation Lyra, is touted as the best north star.

When Polaris becomes the north star again around 27,, due to its proper motion it then will be farther away from the pole than it is now, while in 23, BC it came closer to the pole.

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  5. What I did to create the both startrails and time lapse images, was to use 2 mountings Vixen Polarie, one to pointing to the actual Polaris Axis and making all the stars staying fixed, but using another Polarie attached to the first one, I could simulate again the Earth Axis Rotation using the sideral motion inverted I mean, like if I was in the south pole, near the batteries you can switch the button to N north or S south motion.

    But I had special carefully with some things. I also used the Live View magnifier with the grid option to have a more precise result. So the north on the Earth from the observation point will not change, and the latitude of the observation point will not change too. ISO Is an area of about 40, interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption, 60 million years ago. Near the top edge of the image we can see the Pleiades star cluster. EN: Tracking deeply the stars simultaneously revealing the different brightness intensity and color of each star that lies around the North Star Polaris, which is 0.

    If our ancestors who braved storms in uncharted waters to prove that the earth was really round, had the opportunity to make a simple photograph like that, then would have the living proof that the Earth was round without having run that risk, thus prove the curvature of stellar trails Sky of Barrancos. In Noudar, life presents itself in a state of wilderness and absolute purity.

    Starlight destinations are visitable places characterized by excellent quality for the contemplation of starry skies, and the practice of tourist activities based on this resource.

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    PT: Rasto de estrelas profundo, revelando simultaneamente as diferentes intensidades de brilho e cor de cada uma das estrelas que se encontra a circundar a Estrela Polar, que se encontra a 0,7 graus do Norte real. Its construction was finished in , during the reign of Don Dinis. Good and plentiful farming land and cattle grazing fields can also be found near the castle. Below, between the palm trees, we find the central region of our Galaxy.


    The Milky Way is actually crossing the entire sky from horizon to horizon, with an arm of gas, dust and stars, with more then degrees. All sky mosaic of 23 images. Azores is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal, composed of nine volcanic islands situated in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. Above it, the sky reveals the magnificent arc of our galaxy, the Milky Way, besides the light pollution coming from Vila Franca do Campo, a small town at the southern shore of the island, that illuminates the clouds near the horizon with the an orange tone.

    From left to right, we can see the swan Cygnus constellation, with its North America nebula NGC clearly visible below the Deneb star, down to the right, we can find Aquila. Sagittarius is covered by the cloud. Mosaic of 21 images. Below is the annotated version. With a diameter of 17 meters and m2 reflective surface, it was the largest in the world before the construction of H.

    MAGIC is not only huge, but also pioneers a number of technical developments that had never been applied to Cherenkov telescopes before. The mirror is extremely light and can be moved to any position in the sky in less than thirty seconds.

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    It is made up of individual mirror panels that can be independently focussed using an active mirror control system equipped with lasers. The cosmos and its evolution are studied using all radiation, in particular electromagnetic waves. The observable spectrum extends from radio waves to infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-ray, gamma-rays and finally very high energy gamma rays starting at energies of 10 GeV.

    Observations at visible wavelengths. The MAGIC telescope can detect very high energy gamma rays in a range of energies where no other telescope in the world can operate, so it opens up a brand new window into the universe. Below is the annotated version with the identification of the main night sky objects. Captured in a height of 2, meters from the sea level we can see the clouds and Fog near the border of Caldera de Taburiente — a very large volcanic crater with about 10 km across.

    Above the horizon the sun sets behind the silhouette mountains of Roque de Los Muchachos, where stands a huge complex with the some of the largest telescopes in the world. Seems that this February 1st, the Moon was almost Full and the calendar were wrong…or maybe not?